When women are able to time and space their pregnancies, they are more likely to advance their education, more likely to earn an income and they’re more likely to have healthy children. (Melinda Gates)
They are also more likely to have a number of children they can support. This leads to fewer dependents, better quality care for each child, less need for government services, a growing workforce that includes more women, and more resources for sending children to school. (Bill Gates)
A reduction in the birth rate in most economies has correlated with a reduction in poverty levels over time. India, China and even Brazil are on a long list.
Giving girls and women access to contraceptives and reducing the birth rate in itself is not enough to eliminate poverty. Development efforts should include improved education and overall health care, both areas in which the Gates Foundation has done extensive work.
Educating and empowering everyone about sex education and contraception has been shown to reduce birth rates and increase use of contraceptives, creating a virtuous circle.